In recent years, urologists have encountered more advanced prostate cancer cases. A contributing factor is that many primary care physicians are moving away from routine PSA tests and digital rectal exams (DREs). Despite this trend, the American Urological Association (AUA) continues to recommend PSA screening as a critical component of prostate cancer detection.

Understanding the key aspects of prostate cancer screening is more crucial than ever to make informed health decisions. Here are some key points to guide you through the process.

Consult Your Urologist: Your urologist is your partner in navigating the complexities of prostate health. With a trend away from routine PSA and DRE tests in primary care, the expertise of a urologist is invaluable in making informed decisions about screening.

PSA Testing: Essential for early detection, the PSA test serves as a cornerstone in identifying potential prostate issues. If your PSA levels are elevated, a repeat test might be necessary to confirm the findings and determine the next steps.

Screening Timeline: Begin your screening journey at the right time. For most men, this is between ages 45 to 50. However, if you’re at higher risk, screening might start as early as 40 to 45.

Regular Screening: Consistent screenings are essential. For men 50 to 69, undergoing PSA tests every 2 to 4 years is recommended, with adjustments based on individual health insights.

Comprehensive Assessment: Beyond the PSA test, a digital rectal exam (DRE) and risk calculators offer a fuller picture of your prostate health, aiding in precise risk evaluation.

Biopsy Decisions: Deciding whether to have a biopsy involves careful consideration. Your doctor will help you make an informed decision by reviewing your PSA levels, MRI results, and other critical data.

MRI and Targeted Biopsy: Incorporating MRI into the diagnostic process enhances the detection of significant prostate cancer, guiding the focus of biopsy efforts for more accurate results. Meeting with your urologist is an important step toward taking control of your prostate health. It’s essential to understand the key aspects of prostate cancer screening to make informed choices. Ready to schedule an appointment? Contact us today.